AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

Identification of Constraints and Effective Educational Strategies Influencing the Professional Competencies of Agricultural Extension Officers

Format: MS WORD |  Chapter: 1-5 |  Pages: 65-80 |  Price NGN3,000

 

Abstract

Agricultural extension contributes to improving the welfare of farmers and other stakeholders by providing access to knowledge and information. This has led to increasing emphasis on effective training strategies to develop extension staff competencies. The study therefore focused on identification of constraints and effective educational strategies influencing the professional competencies of extension officers in Oyo and Ogun states Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used in selecting 84 extension officers from 4 agricultural zones in the study areas of which 80 of them completed and returned their questionnaires for analysis. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency, percentage, mean) and inferential (chi-square, PPMC t-test) statistics. The mean age of respondents was 46 years, majority were males (65.0%), married (95.0%), had household size of 5-6 persons (53.75%), had 9-16 years of job experience (40%) and all had attained tertiary education with 47.5% of them at HND level. FNT/MTRM (=1.91) was considered the most effective education strategy while job shadowing (=0.73) was rated the least effective. During in-service training (45.7%) was the most preferred period to acquire extension competencies. Organisational management (=19.7)) was the most possessed competency and on the overall, 51.2% of respondents possessed high level of competency. The most severe constraint to acquiring competency was lack of funds (=1.77). There was a significant relationship between age (r=0.244, p<0.05), years of work experience (r=0.224, p<0.05), education delivery strategies (r=0.435, p<0.05) and level of competency. Also there was a significant negative relationship between the constraints to acquiring competencies and competency level of extension officers (r=-0.292, p<0.05). It was recommended that the ADPs should improve on the methodology used during FNT/MTRM by diversifying on teaching methods and involving highly experienced instructors. Also, they should offer incentives and rewards to motivate employees that are vigorously involved in professional development. TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover Page – – – – – – – – – –

Title Page – – – – – – – – – –

Certification – – – – – – – – – –

Dedication – – – – – – – – – –

Acknowledgement – – – – – – – – –

Abstract – – – – – – – – – –

Table of Content – – – – – – – – –

Chapter One: Introduction

Background of the Study – – – – – –

Statement of the Problem – – – – – –

Objectives of the Study – – – – – – –

Research Questions – – – – – – –

Research Hypotheses – – – – – – –

Significance of the Study – – – – – – –

Scope/ Limitation of the Study – – – – – –

Definition of Terms – – – – – – –

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature

2.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – –

2.2 Conceptual Framework – – – – – – –

2.3 Theoretical Framework – – – – – – –

2.4 Empirical Review – – – – – – – –

Chapter Three: Research Methodology

3.1 Introduction – – – – – – – –

3.1 Research Design – – – – – – – –

3.3 Area of the Study – – – – – – – –

3.4 Population of the Study – – – – – – –

3.5 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques – – – –

3.6 Instrumentation – – – – – – – –

3.7 Validation of the Instrument – – – – – –

3.8 Administration of the Instrument – – – – –

3.9 Method of Data Analysis – – – – – – –

Chapter Four: Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

4.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – –

4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data – – – – –

4.3 Testing of Hypotheses – – – – – – –

4.4 Discussion of Findings – – – – – – –

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – –

5.2 Summary – – – – – – – – –

5.3 Conclusion – – – – – – – – –

HERE IS WHAT OUR HAPPY CLIENTS ARE SAYING

    

I actually googled and saw about projectmaster.com.ng, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes.

    

I love your service! I would recommend projectmaster.com.ng to anyone. What a great find!

    

I received excellent customer support, and quickly. Thank you so much!

    

I am aware of online scam but because of the hectic nature of writing project, I decided to try sourcing for help online and to my surprise, projectmaster.com.ng gave complete project in less than 5 minutes. I could not believe it sincerely. Thank you so much guys.