IMPACT OF AUDIO VISUAL AIDS IN TEACHING HOME ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
This project work was undertaken to survey the use of audio visual aids in the teaching and learning of Social studies in some selected secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. To find solution to the problems which gave to undertaking the survey questionnaires were raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards audio/visual aids in language teaching in the selected secondary school in the local government areas of study. From the findings it was discovered that audio/visual aids are not available in schools therefore teachers teach the various language skills without the required basic aids. Recommendations were therefore made to the appropriate authorities to provide and maintain audio/visual aids in the teaching of Social studies so as to enhance the promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and daily use.
1.1 Background of the Study
Teaching and learning activities are interesting when instructional materials are used effectively and efficiently in a classroom-teaching situation. It is necessary for the teacher in the learning of Home Economics in Nigeria to use visual aid material as instructional tools in order to make their teaching more interesting that is to arouse the learning interest, sustain their attention for effective learning. But the problem in many secondary schools in Osun State as elsewhere in Nigeria is that of the instructional material like audio/visuals are not available and even where they are, the teachers do not use them effectively.
The reason for this attitude may be because teachers engage themselves in so many other relevant or irrelevant activities. The desire and haste of some teacher to cover the syllabus or scheme of work instead of making their teaching more meaningful and imparting. Often time some teaching goals depend on material for planning and utilization of instructional material for some teacher the production of instructional material is only for passing their examination the training college and not for actual use in the classroom. There is also problem of non-availability of audio/visual for which teachers alone may not be blamed. The heads often do not motivate the teacher in terms of providing instructional materials. Furthermore, most school lack of funds and as a result, they find it difficult to purchase the required audio/visual aid. Generally, failure to use audio/visual material in the teaching of Home Economics result in lack of interest among student in learning activities which affect performance in school and pupils not being able to assimilate lesson at their own rate and pace.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The secondary aim of this study is finding out all about the use of visual aid in teaching of Home Economics in some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area, Osun State. It is observed that most teacher of Home Economics in the secondary school does not use audio/visual aid to promote learning of this crucial subject.
1.3 Research Questions
For the purpose of this study, the following questions were posed.
1. To what extent does comprehension of students taught Home Economics using audiovisual aids differ from that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process?
2. To what extent does Demonstration of students taught Home Economics using audiovisual aids differ from that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process?
3. To what extent does cooperation of students taught Home Economics differ from that of those taught subjects using chalk and talk teaching process?
1.4 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this project work is to identify the following. Making teaching and learning more interesting and giving student opportunity to participate.
i. To examine the extent comprehension of students taught Home Economics using audio visual aids differ from that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process.
ii. To examine the extent demonstration of students taught Home Economics using audiovisual aids differ from that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process.
iii. To examine the extent cooperation of students taught Home Economics differ from that of those taught subjects using chalk and talk teaching process.
1.5 Research Hypotheses
Ho1: There is no significant difference between comprehension of students taught Home Economics using audio-visual aids and that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process.
Ho2: There is no significant difference between Demonstration of students taught Home Economics using audio-visual aids and that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process.
Ho3: There is no significant difference between cooperation of students taught Home Economics using audio-visual aids and that of those taught the subject using chalk and talk teaching process.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The significance of this study is to examine the importance of audio/visual aid in the teaching of reading Home Economics in secondary schools. This study will aid in spelling pronunciation and fluency of student in reading It will suggest meaningful way of handing the aid to bring about positive change in the student-reading pattern. It will also help to suggest relevant aid to be used for each of the class concerned it will as well suggest areas and how to make the aid available to the school that are lacking.
1.7 Delimitation of the Scope of Study
This study was conducted in selected secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area Osun State and it was delimited to impact of audio visual aids in teaching home economics in secondary schools.
1.8 Limitation of the study
The researcher was faced with the constraint of getting adequate information from students in the local government area due to the fact that most of them were not willing to reveal adequate information about their perception of the topics in the subject as some of them thought that the researcher might be seeing them as unserious students.
1.9 Definitions of Terms
Audio visual aid: training or educational materials directed at both the senses of hearing and the sense of sight, films, recordings, photographs, etc. used in classroom instructions, library collections or the likes
Home economics: field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community. It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.
Secondary school: is the next step up from primary school. Secondary schools are often called high schools in the United States. In Britain, secondary schools may be public schools, grammar schools or comprehensive schools.