Format: MS WORD | Chapter: 1-5 | Pages: 65-80
THE ATTITUDE OF MEN TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING
This research work focused on the attitude of men towards family planning in Sokoto North Local Government, 50 questionnaire where designed and distributed among the target population in the study area multi-stage cluster sampling techniques was use to select 4 wards out of the entire ward of the study area which consist upon ended question various information gathered was presented in the table using frequency and percentage. The ended findings of this research shows that despite the high level of awareness and accessibility in family planning the inhabitant does not take up the enhance of using it due to influences of religion culture and tradition, lastly suggestion were made on how to convinces the inhabitants of the study area in the important of family planning as well as danger associated with lack of it.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The evolution of human societies in the past several decades has on one hand brought about considerable improvement in the level of living and the welfare of the population and has on the other hand created a considerable number of hardship and the problem which government are painfully attempting to alleviate (UN, 2010). Excessive population growth, in particular, has often been considered a major obstacle to rapid progress in economic development and hence to the betterment of people’s living. By January, 1982 the world population had passed 4.5 billion and hence marks optimistic projection by United Nation which place the figure at (9.1) billion by the end of 2050 over four-fifths of the population will inhibit the developing world and (90) percent of the increase will occur in the third world nations. This view in turn raised great global concern especially in countries where population was deemed too high. Population policies to reduce fertility rates were formulated and family planning programmes have been regarded as the best means of achieving these goals.
Various attempts to encourage men in many societies to participate actively in family planning programmes have continued to receive low attention especially in developing countries, Nigeria inclusive, (United Nation, 1977). That in many cultural situations, the adoption of family planning is likely to be considered as a process of innovative behaviour. This means that the various cultural and religious beliefs as well as traditions are generally involved in shaping individual reproductive behaviour and family size norms. Isiugo, (2003) observed that, unlike women, Nigerian men desire more children and less likely to approve family limitation.