1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Reading is an essential tool for lifelong learning. It is important for everyone to develop the rudiments of reading and the culture of reading always so as to survive in life. Reading according to Holte (1998) adds quality to life and provides access to culture and cultural heritage. He pointed out that reading empowers and emancipates citizens and bring people together. Okeke (2000) reaffirms that the art of reading is a priceless instrument for everyone. It is one of the most important activities of life through which we enter into the life and experiences of others and extend our knowledge, scope of experience and enjoyment. It has critical role to play in the overall development of an individual and the nation at large. Reading experience can be obtained in the library. The school library is a gateway to knowledge and will serve as a starting point or road map to reading and the promotion to reading culture.
The library provides books and other resources which will help shape thoughts and influence the actions of students throughout life with active supervision by an experienced librarian. Due to technological development, reading habits are changing. In our society today, while technology is slowly taking a steady control over individual lives, the reading habit is fast vanishing into thin air (The Hindu, 2004). Students now lack the skill of reading. Instead they spend more hours on the internet. Browsing the net, playing with funky handsets and passing non-stop SMSs and chatting with friends seem to be the order of the day, thereby making reading a book or any other piece of written material in a quiet or peaceful corner of a library or home become an archaic idea for most school children and adults (The Hindu, 2004). Obama (2008) in his speech pinpointed that children cannot achieve unless they raise their expectations and turn off television sets. Shabi and Udofia (2009) noted that active learning from books is better than passive learning such as watching televisions and playing games. Students are rarely interested in reading for pleasure and enjoyment instead they read only to pass examination. The declining interest in reading culture among our children (especially those in primary and secondary schools) is a cause for alarm and a challenge to all and something need to be done to alleviate this yawning problem.
Unfortunately, reading is not taught or included in school curriculum. Reading is not a subject and cannot be taught separately as most other subjects in the curriculum rather it is subsumed in every other subject and is regarded as a tool facilitating many other types of learning. Nowadays, due to the rat race syndrome, parents pay little or no attention to their children’s reading ability, parents themselves lack the skill and the culture of reading such that some do not read to their kids. Mefor (2010) urged all Nigerians schools to launch a readership promotion campaign which will help to inculcate the culture of reading in children. It is also important to start early to inculcate the culture of reading early enough in a child. Also Olukemi (2010) advised Nigerian youths to imbibe the reading culture in all their endeavors. She lamented that lack of reading culture among youths nowadays has greatly affected quality of graduates being produced by the nation’s higher institutions. It is against this background that this study tries to investigate on the influence of internet on the reading culture of pupils in homes and schools. Improving access to relevant information and promoting a reading culture are prerequisites for strengthening literacy skills, widening education and learning opportunities, and helping people to address the causes of poverty (Makotsi, 2005).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Reading is the springboard of any literacy programme. It does not only give learners an active place, but also places them in the centre of pedagogy and the curriculum (Corcoran and Evans, 1987). Reading is very powerful and indispensable equipment for learning and acquisition of the varied skills and experiences needed by man to develop a satisfactory personal life. It is important that pupils/students should develop positive habits towards reading of books as a life-long learning experience. Gradually, the advent of internet has led to the development of various applications for games and chatting which has continue to take students time leaving reading books as old fashioned. However, the researcher is examining the impact of internet on the student’s reading culture.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The following are the objectives of this study:
1. To examine the impact of internet on the student’s reading culture.
2. To examine the impact of internet on student’s academic achievement.
3. To examine the advantages and disadvantages of internet on students academic performance.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is the impact of internet on the student’s reading culture?
2. What is the impact of internet on student’s academic achievement?
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of internet on students academic performance?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
HO: There is no significant relationship between internet and the student’s reading culture
HA: There is significant relationship between internet and the student’s reading culture
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The following are the significance of this study:
1. The results from this study will educate the administrators in the education sector and the general public on the effect of internet and other related technologies on the student’s reading culture in Nigeria.
2. This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This study will cover the relationship between internet technology and student’s reading culture.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
Corcoran, B., & Evens, E. (1987). Readers: Text teachers. Stormy Strafford: Open University Press. Holte, M.S. (1998). Creating an optimum reading culture in the Low Countries: The role of Stichting Lezen Amsterdam 64th IFLA General Conference August 16-21.
Mokatsi, R. (2005). Sharing resources: How library networks can help education goals. East Africa Book Development Association. A research Paper looking at libraries in developing world. Commissioned by AID International.
Mefor, C. (2010). Reading culture: The present and future of national development.
Obama, B. (2008). Barack Obama on libraries: Bound to the word: Keynote address at the opening general session at the ALA Annual Conference in Chicago, July 23-29.
Okeke, N.E. (2000). Effects of exposure to in text vocabulary recognition strategies on secondary school students’ performance on reading comprehension in Awka education zone. M. Ed. project: University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Olukemi, M. (2010). Ondo First Lady challenges youths on reading culture, Daily Champion.
Shabi, I.N., & Udofia, E.P. (2009). Role of the school library in promoting reading culture in Nigeria. International Journals of Research in Education, 6(1-2): 259-269.
The Hindu (2004). Whither the reading habit? Online India’s National Newspaper, Monday, July 12.