BIOCHEMISTRY

EFFECT OF TELFERIA OCCIDENTALIS AND VERNONIA AMYGDALINA ON LIVER AND PLASMA ELECTROLYTES IN HIGH SUCROSE DIET FED RATS

EFFECT OF TELFERIA OCCIDENTALIS AND VERNONIA AMYGDALINA ON LIVER AND PLASMA ELECTROLYTES IN HIGH SUCROSE DIET FED RATS

ABSTRACT

Vegetables and fruit provide a significant part of human nutrition, as they are important sources of nutrients, dietary fibre, and phytochemicals. Sixty (60) albino rats were used to study the effect vegetables extracts modified diets; grouped into, one group was fed with high sucrose diet while others were fed with normal ratchow. After 3weeks of feeding respective vegetable extracts were introduced into their diets and fed for one week. Electrolytes status were analysed in the plasma and liver.   This work revealed a significant (p<0.05) increase in sodium in liver of rats fed with high sucrose diet only (HSO) while those fed with vegetable juice extracts displayed moderate electrolytes content. Thus, vegetables extracts modified diet may be a good approached to improved electrolyte imbalance induced by excess sugar intake.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Sucrose

2.1     Vegetables

2.1.1  Bitter leaf

2.1.2  Pumpkin fluted leaf

2.2     Electrolytes

2.2.1  Electrolyte imbalance

2.2.2  Calcium

2.2.3  Sodium

2.2.4  Potassium

2.2.5  Chlorides

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Materials and Methods

3.1     Materials

3.2     Methods

3.2.2  Feeding and grouping of animals

3.2.3  Animal Sacrifice

3.3     Biochemical analysis

3.4     Statistical Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Results

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Discussion and Conclusion

5.1     Discussion

5.2     Conclusion.